### By the Numbers: The Real Impacts of EPA’s Clean Power Plan

NERA’s new analysis projects that EPA’s Clean Power Plan will cost consumers and businesses as much as $39 billion a year, far outpacing the costs of compliance for all EPA rules for power plants in 2010 ($7 billion) and the annual cost of the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards rule ($10 billion). The analysis also finds that additional coal retirements would total up to 47,000 megawatts or more of coal-based electricity, posing a major threat to electric reliability in many parts of the country.

Despite these significant impacts, EPA’s illegal rule will have virtually no effect on climate change, reducing atmospheric CO2 concentration by less than one-half of a percent, lowering global average temperature by 2/100th of a degree, and reducing sea level rise by the thickness of two sheets of paper.

### What Does EPA's Plan Mean to Your Home State?

#### Alabama

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

31%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

27%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

27%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

19%

#### Alaska

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

9%

#### Arizona

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

39%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

52%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

14%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

11%

#### Arkansas

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

53%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

44%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

26%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

20%

#### California

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

1%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

23%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

7%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

4%

#### Colorado

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

64%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

35%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

37%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

31%

#### Connecticut

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

2%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

29%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

6%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

6%

#### Delaware

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

21%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

32%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

20%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

13%

#### District of Columbia

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

46%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

41%

#### Florida

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

21%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

38%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

15%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

11%

#### Georgia

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

33%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

44%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

22%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

17%

#### Hawaii

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

14%

#### Idaho

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

0.50%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

33%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

13%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

11%

#### Illinois

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

43%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

33%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

19%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

15%

#### Indiana

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

84%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

20%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

25%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

20%

#### Iowa

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

59%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

16%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

40%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

33%

#### Kansas

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

61%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

23%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

46%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

32%

#### Kentucky

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

93%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

18%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

35%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

25%

#### Louisiana

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

21%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

39%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

27%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

17%

#### Maine

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

0.50%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

14%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

6%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

6%

#### Maryland

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

44%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

37%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

12%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

9%

#### Massachusetts

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

12%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

38%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

6%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

### 6%

#### Michigan

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

54%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

31%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

19%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

15%

#### Minnesota

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

46%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

41%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

35%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

30%

#### Mississippi

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

16%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

39%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

19%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

15%

#### Missouri

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

83%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

21%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

34%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

24%

#### Montana

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

53%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

21%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

37%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

24%

#### Nebraska

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

72%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

26%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

44%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

31%

#### Nevada

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

14%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

34%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

22%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

19%

#### New Hampshire

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

7%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

46%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

6%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

6%

#### New Jersey

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

3%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

43%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

21%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

14%

#### New Mexico

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

67%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

34%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

21%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

14%

#### New York

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

4%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

44%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

15%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

11%

#### North Carolina

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

26%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

51%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

16%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

12%

#### North Dakota

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

79%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

11%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

62%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

43%

#### Ohio

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

69%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

28%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

21%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

15%

#### Oklahoma

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

41%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

35%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

30%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

23%

#### Oregon

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

6%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

48%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

12%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

10%

#### Pennsylvania

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

40%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

31%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

19%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

17%

#### Rhode Island

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

0%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

14%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

6%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

6%

#### South Carolina

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

26%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

51%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

13%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

10%

#### South Dakota

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

29%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

35%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

36%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

30%

#### Tennessee

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

41%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

39%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

20%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

15%

#### Texas

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

34%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

38%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

21%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

16%

#### Utah

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

81%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

21%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

56%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

43%

#### Vermont

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

0%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

3%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

2%

#### Virginia

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

28%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

38%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

20%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

14%

#### Washington

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

6%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

72%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

10%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

10%

#### West Virginia

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

95%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

20%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

45%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

33%

#### Wisconsin

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

62%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

34%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

26%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

20%

#### Wyoming

### Percentage of Electricity Generated by Coal

89%

### CO2 Emission Rate Reduction for 2030 Target Relative to 2012 Rate

19%

### Peak Year Electricity Price Increase

53%

### Average Annual Electricity Price Increase

42%

### Infographic

#### Infographic on the Consequences of the Clean Power...

### Fact Sheet

#### Facts on the Clean Power Plan

### Fact Sheet

#### Where 2016 Presidential Candidates Stand on the Clean...

### Fact Sheet

#### CPP vs. Other Rules

### Fact Sheet

#### Peak Year Map

### Fact Sheet

#### Highlights from NERA’s Analysis of the Clean Power...

NERA Economic Consulting analyzed some of the impacts of EPA’s...